Valley Bible Church's Sermon Notes on The Gospel of John


The Gospel of John (2003 - 2009)


I. Introduction to The Gospel of John (1:1-18)

A. The Background

1. The author

2. The purpose

B. God is revealed through the Word (1:1-2)

1. The Word was with God

2. The Word was God

C. God is revealed through creation (1:3-5)

D. God is revealed through John the Baptist (1:6-8)

E. God is revealed through the Word Incarnate (1:9-14)

1. His rejection (1:9-11)

2. His reception (1:12-13)

3. His glory (1:14)

F. God is revealed through the Superior Word (1:15-18)

1. Superior to John the Baptist (1:15-16)

2. Superior to Moses (1:17-18)


II. The Period of Consideration (1:19-4:42)

A. The witness of people (1:19-51)

1. The witness of John the Baptist (1:19-34)

a. The character of the witness: humility (1:19-28)

b. The content of the witness: the person and work of Christ (1:29-34)

2. The witness of Andrew (1:35-42)

3. The witness of Nathanael (1:43-51)

B. The witness of events (2:1-22)

1. The miracle at Cana (2:1-11)

2. The cleansing of the temple (2:12-25)

a. Jesus' concern for the Passover (2:12-13)

b. Jesus' concern for the temple (2:14-17)

c. Jesus' concern for the heart of man (2:18-25)

C. The witness of the new birth (3:1-15)

1. The necessity of the new birth (3:1-3)

2. The components of the new birth (3:4-8)

a. Born of water (3:4-5)

b. Born of the Spirit (3:6-8)

3. The focus of the new birth (3:9-15)

D. The witness of Christ's mission (3:16-21)

1. The cost of Christ's mission (3:16a)

2. The benefits of Christ's mission (3:16b)

a. Deliverance from judgment

b. Granted eternal life

1) We will be better people

2) We will have a better future

3. The response to Christ's mission (3:17-21)

E. The witness of John the Baptist (3:22-30)

F. The witness of Christ (3:31-36)

G. The witness to the Samaritan woman (4:1-30)

1. Christ's request of the woman (4:1-9)

2. Christ's offer to the woman (4:10-14)

3. Christ's insight into the woman (4:15-19)

4. Christ's instruction for the woman (4:20-26)

a. Worshiping God in spirit (4:20-23)

b. Worshiping God in truth (4:24-26)

5. The Samaritan woman's response to Christ (4:27-30)

H. The witness of Christ's work(4:31-42)

1. The motive (4:31-34)

2. The urgency (4:35-38)

3. The fruitfulness (4:39-42)

4. The response (4:43-54)


III. The Period of Controversy (5:1-6:71)

A. The controversy at Bethesda (5:1-47)

1. The so-called crime (5:1-9)

2. The initial investigation (5:10-15)

3. The decision to prosecute (5:16-18)

4. Christ's defense (5:19-47)

a. The nature of Christ (5:19-24)

b. The voice of Christ (5:25-29)

c. The witnesses of Christ (5:30-47)

1) The Father, the Baptist and the works (5:30-38)

2) The Scripture (5:39-47)

B. The controversy of the bread (6:1-71)

1. The feeding of the 5,000 (6:1-15)

a. The problem (6:1-9)

b. The solution (6:10-15)

2. Jesus Walks on Water (6:16-21)

3. The bread of life (6:22-71)

a. The challenge (6:22-27)

b. The promise (6:28-40)

1) Our satisfaction (6:28-35)

2) Our security (6:36-40)

c. The responses (6:41-71)

1) The origin of Christ (6:41-51)

2) The offense of Christ (6:52-59)

3) The objection to Christ (6:60-65)

4) The obligation to Christ (6:66-71)


IV. The Period of Conflict (7:1-11:57)

A. The Feast of Booths (7:1-8:59)

1. The beginning of the feast (7:1-13)

2. The middle of the feast (7:14-36)

a. The question of Jesus' schooling (7:14-24)

1) The divine education of Christ (7:14-17)

2) The righteous judgment by man (7:18-24)

b. The question of Jesus' source (7:25-36)

3. The last day of the feast (7:37-8:59)

a. The impact of Christ on the multitude (7:37-44)

b. The impact of Christ on the officers (7:45-52)

c. The impact of Christ on the woman caught in adultery (7:53-8:11)

d. The impact of Christ on the religious leaders (8:12-59)

1) The claim of Christ as the light (8:12)

2) The response of the Pharisees against the light (8:13-19)

3) The response of Christ to the Pharisees (8:20-59)

a) His declaration against the Pharisees (8:20-30)

b) His description of true disciples (8:31-36)

c) His damnation of false disciples (8:37-47)

d) His declaration of His divinity (8:48-59)

B. The healing of the blind man (9:1-41)

1. The power of God (9:1-7)

2. The perplexity of man (9:8-12)

3. The probe of the Pharisees (9:13-34)

a. The characteristics of willful unbelief (9:13-18)

b. More characteristics of willful unbelief (9:19-34)

4. The principles for receiving spiritual sight (9:35-41)

a. Spiritual sight is the product of divine initiative (9:35)

b. Spiritual sight is the product of human reception (9:36-38)

5. The punishment for rejecting spiritual sight (9:39-41)

C. Following the true shepherd (10:1-21)

1. Christ as the true shepherd (10:1-6)

a. The way they come to the sheep (10:1-2)

b. The way the sheep come to them (10:3-6)

2. Christ as the door (10:7-10)

3. Christ as the good shepherd (10:11-16)

a. The good shepherd dies for the sheep (10:11-13)

b. The good shepherd knows the sheep (10:14-16)

c. The good shepherd is raised for the sheep (10:17-21)

D. The identity of Christ (10:22-42)

1. Jesus is the Christ (10:22-30)

2. Jesus is the Son of God (10:31-42)

E. The raising of Lazarus (11:1-57)

1. The preparation for the miracle (John 11:1-16)

a. Lazarus and his sisters (11:1-6)

b. Christ and the disciples (11:7-16)

2. The arrival of Jesus and his disciples in Bethany (John 11:17-37)

a. Martha encounters Christ (11:17-27)

b. Mary encounters Christ (11:28-37)

3. The raising of Lazarus (11:38-44)

4. The response of the Jews (11:45-57)


V. The Period of Crisis (12:1-50)

A. Mary anoints Christ (12:1-11)

B. The triumphal entry (12:12-19)

C. But if it dies... (12:20-26)

D. The effects of the cross (12:27-36)

1. The effects of the cross on Christ (12:27-30)

2. The effects of the cross on others (12:31-36)

E. The rejection of Christ (12:37-43)

1. The rejection fulfilled prophecy (12:37-38)

2. The rejection was caused by God (12:39-43)

F. The importance of saving faith (12:44-50)


VI. The Period of Conference (John 13:1-17:26)

A. Christ's love (13:1-17)

1. Christ's love exemplified (13:1-5)

2. Christ's love explained (13:6-11)

3. Christ's love exhorted (13:12-17)

4. Christ's love examined (13:17)

B. Christ's betrayer (13:18-30)

1. The betrayer predicted (13:18-22)

2. The betrayer pointed out (13:23-30)

C. Christ's farewell discourse (13:31-17:26)

1. The introduction to the discourse (13:31-38)

a. The new glory (13:31-33)

b. The new commandment (13:34-35)

c. The pride of Peter (13:36-38)

2. The discourse (14:1-16:33)

a. Christ's comfort (14:1-6)

1) Christ is the way to their deliverance (14:1-3)

2) Christ is the only way to their deliverance (14:4-6)

b. Christ's promises (14:7-31)

1) The promise of knowing God (14:7-11)

2) The promise of better days (John 14:12-15)

a) The nature of the greater works (14:12)

b) The duration of the greater works (14:12)

c) The prayer for the greater works (14:13-15)

3) The promise of the Holy Spirit (14:16-20)

4) The promise of keeping the commandments (14:21-24)

5) The promise of blessing (14:25-31)

a) Christ's Spirit would teach their mind(14:25-26)

b) Christ's peace would be comfort their heart (14:27)

c) Christ's departure would confirm their faith (14:28-31)

c. Christ's analogy of the vine (15:1-6)

1) Abiding in Christ bears fruit (15:1-3)

2) )Abiding in Christ bears much fruit (15:4-6)

3) Abiding in Christ brings answered prayer (15:7-8)

d. Christ's love (15:9-11)

e. Christ's friendship (15:12-16)

1) The friends of Christ love one another (15:12-14)

2) The friends of Christ know divine truth (15:15)

3) The friends of Christ are chosen (15:16)

4) The friends of Christ bear fruit (15:16)

5) The friends of Christ pray for fruitfulness (15:16)

f. Christ's opposition (15:17-27)

1) The world hates us because we are not of this world (15:17-19)

2) The world hates us because they hate Christ (15:20)

3) The world hates us because they do not know God (15:21-25)

g. Christ's witnesses (15:26-27)

h. Christ's departure (16:1-15)

1) Christ's departure will bring mistreatment from the world (16:1-4)

2) Christ's departure will bring the conviction of the Holy Spirit (16:5-11)

3) Christ's departure will being the guidance of the Holy Spirit (16:12-15)

i. Christ's joy (16:16-24)

1) The promise of joy (16:16-22)

2) The power of joy (16:23-24)

j. Christ's summary (16:25-33)

1) The love of the Father (16:25-27)

2) The faith and hope of the disciples (16:28-33)

3. The prayer (17:1-26)

a. Christ's prayer for himself (17:1-5)

1) Christ's glory of the Father (17:1-2)

2) The Father's glory of Christ (17:3-5)

b. Christ's prayer for his disciples (17:6-19)

1) Christ's motivation (17:6-10)

2) Christ's request (17:11-12)

3) Christ's promises (17:13-16)

4) Christ's truth (17:17-19)

c. Christ's prayer for his future disciples (17:20-26)

1) Christ's prayer for unity (17:20-23)

2) Christ's prayer for union (17:24-26)


VII. The Period of Crucifixion (John 18:1-19:30)

A. Christ's arrest (18:1-11)

1. Christ's courage (18:1-5)

2. Christ's power (18:6-11)

B. Christ's trials (18:12-19:15)

1. Christ before the high priest (18:12-27)

a) Christ before Annas (18:12-14)

b) Christ denied by Peter (18:15-18)

c) Christ questioned by Annas (18:19-27)

2. Christ before Pilate (18:28-19:15)

a) Pilate with Christ's accusers (18:28-32)

b) Pilate's examination of Christ (18:33-38)

c) Pilate's attempted release of Christ (18:38-19:15)

1) The attempted release via selection (18:38-40)

2) The attempted release via scourging (19:1-7)

3) The attempted release via suggestion (19:8-15)

C. Christ's crucifixion (19:16-30)

1. Christ's Deity seen in Bible prophecy (19:16-18, 22-24)

2. Christ's Deity seen in Pilate's inscription (19:19-21)

3. Christ's Deity seen in Christ's love (19:25-27)

4. Christ's Deity seen in Christ's knowledge (19:28-30)

D. Christ's resurrection (19:31-20:31)

1. Christ's mastery over death seen in His dying (19:31-37)

2. Christ's mastery over death seen in His burial (19:38-42)

3. Christ's mastery over death seen in His resurrection (20:1-31)

a) The proof from the empty tomb (20:1-10)

b) The proof from the eyewitnesses (20:11-31)

1) Mary Magdalene (20:11-18)

2) The disciples without Thomas (20:19-23)

3) The disciples with Thomas (20:24-31)


VIII. The Period of Commission (John 20:1-25)

A. Christ's supply (21:1-14)

B. Christ's teaching (21:15-25)

1. Serving Christ's sheep (21:15-17)

2. Serving Christ sacrificially (21:18-19)

3. Serving Christ singlemindedly (21:20-25)